TEMPLES OF VARANASI
Kashi Vishwanath Temple
Kashi Vishwanath is one of the most famous Hindu Temples dedicated to Lord Shiva in Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India. The temple is located on the western bank of the holy river Ganga. It has one of the twelve Jyotirlingas worshipped of holiest of Shiva temples. The main lord is known by the name Vishvanatha or Vishveshvara meaning Ruler of The Universe. Varanasi city is also called Kashi, and hence the temple is popularly called Kashi Vishvanath Temple.
The temple area consists of a series of smaller holy places, located in a small lane called the Vishwanatha Galli, near the river. The linga of the main God at the shrine is 60 cm tall and 90 cm in circumference coated with silver. In the temple there is a well called GyanVapi which is in the north of main temple. It is believed that the main priest of that temple jumped in the well with that jyotrilinga to protect it from the invaders.So according to believe the main jyotirlinga is hidden in the well to protect it at the time of invasion.
Sankat Mochan Temple
The Temple is dedicated to the hindu lord Hanuman also known as Sankat Mochan (releaving from all the troubles) in the Southern part of Varanasi. The temple is also konown as monkey temple due to the lot of monkeys inside the premises.The temple was established by the Saint shri Gowswami Tulsidas in early's 1500s at the assi river. It's belived that the Tulsidas who wrote the hindus most famous holy book ramcharitmanas got the vision of lord hanuman at this place.
Every Tuesday and Saturday thousands of people queue up in front of the temple to offer prayers to Lord Hanuman. According to Vedic Astrology, Hanuman saves human beings from the anger of the planet Shani (Saturn), and especially people who have an ill-placed Saturn in their horoscopes visit this temple for astrological remedies.n the temple, offerings to Lord Hanuman (called Prasad) are sold like the special sweet "besan ke ladoo", which the devotees relish; the idol is also decked with a pleasant marigold flower garland as well. This temple has the unique distinction of having Lord Hanuman facing his Lord, Rama, whom he worshiped with steadfast and selfless devotion.
Kaal Bhairav Temple
Kaal Bhairav Mandir is one of the oldest existing Shiva temples situated in Bharonath, Vishweshwarganj Varanasi, India .This temple has magnificent historical and cultural importance among Hindus; especially amongst the locals. The temple is dedicated to one of the forms of Lord Shiva and wears a garland of skulls and carries a club of peacock feathers. The word "Kaal" means both "death" and "fate". It is believed that even death is afraid of "Kaal Bhairava".
The vahana (vehicle) of Lord Bhairav is the dog. In the inner sanctum of the temple there is a silver faced idol of Kaal Bhairav who is seated on a dog and is holding a trident. Only the face decorated (with garlands) of the idol is visible to the visitors through the doorway. Rest of the idol is covered with a piece of cloth. On the rear door of the temple, there is a statue of Kshetrapal Bhairav
Tulsi Manas Temple
Tulsi Manas Temple is one of the famous holy temples in Durga Kund, Bhelupur, Varanasi. The Temple is built on the place where the saint shri Gowswami Tulsidas written the the great holy Book Ramcharitmanas of hindus.
Construction was finished in 1964 and funded by the Thakur das Sureka family of Bandhaghat, Howrah ,West Bengal. The temple was constructed in white marble and landscaping all around the temple. Verses and scenes (pictorials) from Ramcharitmanas are engraved on the marble walls all over the temple.
Maha Mirtyunjaya Temple
This temple is dedicated to the Lord Shiva and situated in Daranagar, Varanasi. It consists of ancient well which has much religious importance and it is believed that its water is curable to several diseases. The temple opens early in the morning at 4.00 am and closed late night at 12.00 pm. Arti timings are at 5.30 am, 6.30 pm and 11.30 pm.
The smaller shrines within the temple are said to be thousands of years old. However the existing building was constructed in 18th century. Mrityunjay Mahadev temple consists a Shivling and a well. It is believed that the temples keeps all its devotees away from unnatural death and cures illnesses. Lord Shiva is worshiped as Mrityunjay Mahadev here, by devotees who perform Mrityunjay paath. It is also believed that Dhanvantari, Avatar of Vishnu and the god of Ayurvedic medicine, poured all his medicines in the well, giving it the healing power.
Bharat Mata Temple
Bharat Mata Mandir is located on the Mahatma Gandhi Kashi Vidyapith campus in Varanasi, India. Instead of traditional statues of gods and goddesses, this temple has a huge map of undivided India carved in marble. This temple is dedicated to Bharat Mata and is the only one of its kind in the world.
The Bharat Mata Mandir structure is built of stone. It has a statue of Bharat Mata built of marble, representing undivided India. The temple has a map of India carved out of marble. The map depicts the mountains, plains and oceans up to scale.
Bharat Mata Mandir was constructed in 1936 by freedom fighter Babu Shiv Prasad Gupta and was inaugurated by Mahatma Gandhi. The temple is built on the campus of Mahatma Gandhi Kashi Vidyapith
Durga Mandir also known as Durga Kund Mandir, monkey temple & is one of the most famous temples in the holy city of Varanasi. This temple has magnificent religious importance in Hinduism and is dedicated to the Maa Durga. Durga Mandir was constructed in 18th century by Bengali Maharani
Durga temple is built in Nagara Style (the North Indian style of temple architecture). It is colored red with ochre and has a multi-tiered shikhara (spire). The Durga temple is situated on a rectangular tank, called the Durga Kund. According to the Puranas, Goddess Durga has kept this place for many centuries and protects the holy city, Varanasi, from the South. It is believed that the existing icon of the goddess was not made by a man but appeared on its own in the temple.
Nepali Mandir is known as Kanthwala Mandir and Mini Khajuraho. It is one of the oldest and most famous temples in the holy city of Varanasi. This temple has magnificient religious importance in Hinduism and is dedicated to the Lord Shiva. Constructed in the 19th century A.D by the King of Nepal, the temple is made of terracotta, stone and wood and is replica of the Pashupatinath Temple in Kathmandu.
The King of Nepal, Rana Bahadur Shah took exile in Varanasi from 1800 to 1804 and titled himself as "Swami Nirgunanda". During his time of exile, he decided to build a replica of Pashupatinath Temple in Varanasi. Construction of the temple commenced during his exile in Varanasi. During this construction Shah moved back to Nepal. On 25 April 1806, Rana Bahadur Shah was stabbed to death by his stepbrother, Sher Bahadur Shah. His son Girvan Yuddha Bikram Shah Deva completed the project 20 years after the deadline. The land was later transferred to Rana Bahadur Shah by Kashi Naresh in the year 1843. The temple, adjacent area, Lalita Ghat and a dharamshala, belongs to the Nepal government